Pacajai REDD+ Project

The project is in an area of Brazil that is extremely important for biodiversity conservation. It holds a great diversity and abundance of species, not only important for the maintenance of ecological relationships, but also of socio-economic importance, such as Brazil nut trees and other noble tree species. Despite its significance, the area is in a fast-changing region characterized by forests rich in valuable timber species, illegal logging, unclear land tenure laws, widespread land speculation, overall weak law enforcement and severe poverty. These combined variables have led to the depredation of natural resources for the benefit of few. Carbon offset funds enable this project to stop deforestation at the edge of the deforestation frontier in Brazil. The project’s main objective is to avoid and prevent unplanned deforestation in native forests, thus avoiding the net emissions of 10,564,630 tCO2e throughout the 41 years of the project’s lifetime.

How it works

The project objective is achieved by managing the land in the form of a “private conservation reserve” by developing and implementing a management plan. The plan includes rigorous monitoring and enforcement procedures built upon ongoing surveillance activities in the area since 2008. These scaled-up monitoring activities actively rely on the participation of villagers, who live within the project boundary, trained in forest management and monitoring techniques. The medium-term goal is to allow forest regeneration, thus increasing the amount of carbon sequestered in the forest. The project has been successful in identifying and removing illegal activities such as logging, squatting, and attempting to implement pastures.

Offsets Made it Happen

Without funds from carbon offsets, the area would have been harvested for timber and then turned into cattle ranching – as evidenced by the areas outside the project area. The project generates multiple climate, social and biodiversity benefits.

Other Benefits of the Project


The benefits to the community are vast:

  • Local villagers are employed and trained in forest management and monitoring techniques, giving them money for protecting the forest rather than harvesting it.
  • 300 villagers have improved quality of, or access to, education.
  • Villages are trained in capacity building and how to develop small business plans – which replace their dependence on timber extraction for income.
  • A percentage of funds from offset sales are put towards a trust fund for the new small businesses.
  • Cattle ranchers are provided with techniques to improve pasture management and the benefits of doing so. By being more efficient with their land use, they require less area, which reduces the risk of deforestation outside of the project area

In addition, energy-efficient cookstoves have been distributed to 150 villagers, which leads to:

  • Improved health by having a fuel-efficient cookstove that is not going to create as much smoke and use as much regular fuel, leading to a reduction in pollution.
  • Improved cooking time by having a multi-burner stove.
  • Controlled fire, so there is less risk of burning down the house.
  • Smaller size, so those who cooked outside can now cook inside and avoid the rain.
  • Improved cleanliness as it is easier to start the stove, easier to clean the ash, and easier to use in general.
  • Less time spent cooking means women spend more time in agroforestry activities which are traditionally the domain of men.

Project at Glance

Project Type :

REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation), Agriculture Forestry and Other Land Use

Location :

State of Para, Brazil

Estimated Annual Emission Reductions :

264,116 tCO2e

Stay updated with Ostrom Climate. Join our mailing list.